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State Growth And Debt Rank

Compare state and local spending and debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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GSP Growth
as percent of GSP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending and Debt
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2002  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP
State State &
State &
 Alabama21.92%14.64%$130.22.7%4.5 more
 Alaska31.53%29.00%$29.82.8%0.6 more
 Arizona17.71%14.79%$179.92.7%5.4 more
 Arkansas19.66%11.79%$74.22.9%2.7 more
 California20.04%14.46%$1,449.52.5%34.9 more
 Colorado17.10%15.02%$189.50.6%4.5 more
 Connecticut15.78%15.88%$174.9-0.4%3.5 more
 Delaware13.81%12.85%$43.0-2.4%0.8 more
 District of Columbia11.25%7.81%$69.62.6%0.6 more
 Florida18.04%16.41%$550.53.9%16.7 more
 Georgia16.56%10.60%$323.60.5%8.5 more
 Hawaii20.78%18.70%$45.22.9%1.2 more
 Idaho19.31%10.17%$39.22.5%1.3 more
 Illinois17.00%15.74%$514.20.3%12.5 more
 Indiana16.89%11.21%$214.82.4%6.2 more
 Iowa19.18%9.46%$100.42.8%2.9 more
 Kansas17.98%13.39%$93.01.6%2.7 more
 Kentucky20.01%21.90%$123.92.6%4.1 more
 Louisiana19.28%14.80%$141.81.5%4.5 more
 Maine21.58%15.85%$40.12.5%1.3 more
 Maryland16.35%11.74%$218.53.5%5.4 more
 Massachusetts16.81%21.56%$303.00.5%6.4 more
 Michigan19.06%14.87%$365.32.9%10.0 more
 Minnesota19.66%15.53%$206.12.4%5.0 more
 Mississippi24.89%14.30%$69.40.9%2.9 more
 Missouri16.78%12.32%$196.80.8%5.7 more
 Montana23.45%16.55%$23.92.1%0.9 more
 Nebraska20.03%12.69%$62.31.7%1.7 more
 Nevada16.50%18.63%$84.63.4%2.2 more
 New Hampshire14.87%15.20%$47.53.4%1.3 more
 New Jersey16.55%14.84%$388.02.3%8.6 more
 New Mexico21.56%14.62%$58.82.5%1.9 more
 New York22.50%22.20%$879.6-0.1%19.1 more
 North Carolina17.18%11.09%$301.81.5%8.3 more
 North Dakota20.62%14.29%$20.35.4%0.6 more
 Ohio19.62%12.46%$412.02.3%11.4 more
 Oklahoma20.83%12.57%$99.50.9%3.5 more
 Oregon22.73%15.43%$122.02.7%3.5 more
 Pennsylvania19.50%19.03%$440.51.1%12.3 more
 Rhode Island20.69%19.21%$38.23.5%1.1 more
 South Carolina22.30%18.12%$126.02.1%4.1 more
 South Dakota15.64%12.62%$27.310.8%0.8 more
 Tennessee18.53%10.69%$197.73.1%5.8 more
 Texas16.18%14.88%$801.21.6%21.7 more
 All states combined18.65%15.32%$10,977.51.8%287.0 more
 Utah20.24%17.27%$76.71.5%2.3 more
 Vermont20.96%15.99%$20.13.1%0.6 more
 Virginia14.94%12.11%$292.40.5%7.3 more
 Washington20.17%18.23%$249.91.8%6.1 more
 West Virginia26.52%18.01%$45.11.1%1.8 more
 Wisconsin20.08%15.51%$195.52.3%5.4 more
 Wyoming22.51%12.39%$19.31.6%0.5 more
Notes: guesstimated1 estimated actual

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances

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> State Quarterly Taxes FY15

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Data Sources for 2002:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

CBO Long Term Budget Outlook 2016

On July 12, 2016, the Congressional Budget Office released its annual Long Term Budget Outlook for 2016, which projects federal spending and revenue out into the 2040s.  As before, the CBO study shows that federal health-care programs will eat the budget, with federal spending exceeding 28 percent GDP by mid century while federal revenue stays below 20 percent GDP. has updated its chart of the CBO Long Term Budget Outlook here.  You can download the data and also view CBO Long Term Budget Outlooks going back to 1999.

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