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State Growth And Debt Rank

Compare state and local spending and debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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GSP Growth
as percent of GSP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending and Debt
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2002  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP
State State &
State &
 Alabama21.92%0.00%$0.12.7%4.5 more
 Alaska31.53%0.00%$0.12.8%0.6 more
 Arizona17.71%0.00%$0.12.7%5.4 more
 Arkansas19.66%0.00%$0.12.9%2.7 more
 California20.04%0.00%$0.12.5%34.9 more
 Colorado17.10%0.00%$0.10.6%4.5 more
 Connecticut15.78%0.00%$0.1-0.4%3.5 more
 Delaware13.81%0.00%$0.1-2.4%0.8 more
 District of Columbia11.25%0.00%$0.12.6%0.6 more
 Florida18.04%0.00%$0.13.9%16.7 more
 Georgia16.56%0.00%$0.10.5%8.5 more
 Hawaii20.78%0.00%$0.12.9%1.2 more
 Idaho19.31%0.00%$0.12.5%1.3 more
 Illinois17.00%0.00%$0.10.3%12.5 more
 Indiana16.89%0.00%$0.12.4%6.2 more
 Iowa19.18%0.00%$0.12.8%2.9 more
 Kansas17.98%0.00%$0.11.6%2.7 more
 Kentucky20.01%0.00%$0.12.6%4.1 more
 Louisiana19.28%0.00%$0.11.5%4.5 more
 Maine21.58%0.00%$0.12.5%1.3 more
 Maryland16.35%0.00%$0.13.5%5.4 more
 Massachusetts16.81%0.00%$0.10.5%6.4 more
 Michigan19.06%0.00%$0.12.9%10.0 more
 Minnesota19.66%0.00%$0.12.4%5.0 more
 Mississippi24.89%0.00%$0.10.9%2.9 more
 Missouri16.78%0.00%$0.10.8%5.7 more
 Montana23.45%0.00%$0.12.1%0.9 more
 Nebraska20.03%0.00%$0.11.7%1.7 more
 Nevada16.50%0.00%$0.13.4%2.2 more
 New Hampshire14.87%0.00%$0.13.4%1.3 more
 New Jersey16.55%0.00%$0.12.3%8.6 more
 New Mexico21.56%0.00%$0.12.5%1.9 more
 New York22.50%0.00%$0.1-0.1%19.1 more
 North Carolina17.18%0.00%$0.11.5%8.3 more
 North Dakota20.62%0.00%$0.15.4%0.6 more
 Ohio19.62%0.00%$0.12.3%11.4 more
 Oklahoma20.83%0.00%$0.10.9%3.5 more
 Oregon22.73%0.00%$0.12.7%3.5 more
 Pennsylvania19.50%0.00%$0.11.1%12.3 more
 Rhode Island20.69%0.00%$0.13.5%1.1 more
 South Carolina22.30%0.00%$0.12.1%4.1 more
 South Dakota15.64%0.00%$0.110.8%0.8 more
 Tennessee18.53%0.00%$0.13.1%5.8 more
 Texas16.18%0.00%$0.11.6%21.7 more
 All states combined18.65%0.00%$0.11.8%287.0 more
 Utah20.24%0.00%$0.11.5%2.3 more
 Vermont20.96%0.00%$0.13.1%0.6 more
 Virginia14.94%0.00%$0.10.5%7.3 more
 Washington20.17%0.00%$0.11.8%6.1 more
 West Virginia26.52%0.00%$0.11.1%1.8 more
 Wisconsin20.08%0.00%$0.12.3%5.4 more
 Wyoming22.51%0.00%$0.11.6%0.5 more
Notes: guesstimated1 estimated actual

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances

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Next Data Update

> State GDP CY14

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Data Sources for 2002:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Gross State Product Update for 2015

The US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its Gross State Product (GSP) data for 2015 on June 14, 2016. has updated its individual state GSPs for 2015 and projected nominal and real GSP through 2020 for each state using the projected national GDP numbers from Table 10.1 in the Historical Tables for the Federal FY2016 Budget and the historical GDP data series from the BEA as a baseline.

As before we have projected individual state GSPs out to 2021 by applying a factor to reflect each state's deviation from the national growth rate. (E.g. In 2014 the national real GDP expanded by 2.4 percent. But North Dakota grew by 6.3 percent, a deviation of nearly 4 percent. The deviation is reduced by 40 percent for each year after 2014, making the assumption that each state will slowly revert to the national norm.) displays individual state data going back to 1957, but BEA has nominal GSP data going back to only 1963, and real GSP data going back to 1987.  Also the 1987-1997 real GSP data is in 1997 dollars, not 2009 dollars like the 1997-present data, and the pre-1997 data is based on a different model than post 1997 data.  For the pre-1997 data we have factored it to remove any "bumps" over the 1997 transition.

Because needs GSP data to provide e.g., spending as a percent of GDP, we have extended the two BEA GSP data series back to 1957.  We have assumed that the rate of change of GSP prior to 1963 is the same as the national GDP and we have assumed that the rate of change of real GSP prior to 1987 is the same as the nation real GDP growth rate.

Click here to view a complete list of US states and their 2015 GSP growth rates.

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