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State Growth And Debt Rank

Compare state and local spending and debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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GSP Growth
as percent of GSP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending and Debt
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2014  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP
StateState &
Local
Spending
State &
Local
Debt
Gross
State
Product
Real
State
Growth
Popu-
lation
(mln)
 North Dakota14.36%7.68%$0.16.3%0.7 more
 Texas12.96%17.32%$0.15.2%27.0 more
 Wyoming19.17%5.08%$0.15.1%0.6 more
 West Virginia21.88%14.48%$0.15.1%1.8 more
 Colorado16.10%17.31%$0.14.7%5.4 more
 Oregon18.27%15.76%$0.13.6%4.0 more
 Utah17.68%13.52%$0.13.1%2.9 more
 Washington17.35%18.40%$0.13.0%7.1 more
 California19.24%18.03%$0.12.8%38.8 more
 Oklahoma17.33%9.76%$0.12.8%3.9 more
 Florida18.58%17.31%$0.12.7%19.9 more
 Idaho17.81%9.42%$0.12.7%1.6 more
 New York21.54%25.37%$0.12.5%19.7 more
 All states combined17.79%17.02%$0.12.4%318.9 more
 Georgia16.46%11.58%$0.12.3%10.1 more
 Massachusetts17.08%20.14%$0.12.3%6.8 more
 New Hampshire15.75%16.60%$0.12.3%1.3 more
 South Carolina21.12%21.08%$0.12.2%4.8 more
 Ohio19.55%13.75%$0.12.1%11.6 more
 Louisiana19.11%16.25%$0.11.9%4.6 more
 Michigan19.48%16.87%$0.11.9%9.9 more
 Kansas17.38%18.19%$0.11.8%2.9 more
 Pennsylvania19.27%20.06%$0.11.8%12.8 more
 Montana20.20%11.74%$0.11.8%1.0 more
 Tennessee18.14%12.27%$0.11.7%6.5 more
 District of Columbia11.95%10.29%$0.11.6%0.7 more
 North Carolina17.03%11.05%$0.11.4%9.9 more
 Arizona17.75%16.75%$0.11.4%6.7 more
 Minnesota17.66%15.63%$0.11.4%5.5 more
 Illinois17.76%19.42%$0.11.2%12.9 more
 Rhode Island20.32%22.45%$0.11.2%1.1 more
 Delaware16.97%13.14%$0.11.2%0.9 more
 New Mexico22.57%16.98%$0.11.0%2.1 more
 Wisconsin18.76%15.07%$0.11.0%5.8 more
 Nevada16.89%20.47%$0.11.0%2.8 more
 Kentucky20.73%22.38%$0.11.0%4.4 more
 Missouri17.40%15.32%$0.10.9%6.1 more
 Maryland17.14%13.45%$0.10.8%6.0 more
 Hawaii18.74%17.99%$0.10.8%1.4 more
 Arkansas19.69%12.48%$0.10.8%3.0 more
 Nebraska17.92%13.28%$0.10.7%1.9 more
 Alabama21.30%15.33%$0.10.7%4.8 more
 South Dakota14.91%12.03%$0.10.6%0.9 more
 Connecticut16.64%17.09%$0.10.6%3.6 more
 Vermont23.83%15.34%$0.10.6%0.6 more
 Indiana16.61%15.49%$0.10.4%6.6 more
 Iowa18.50%11.49%$0.10.4%3.1 more
 New Jersey18.58%18.64%$0.10.4%8.9 more
 Maine22.36%14.78%$0.10.2%1.3 more
 Virginia15.62%14.25%$0.10.0%8.3 more
 Mississippi26.40%13.81%$0.1-1.2%3.0 more
 Alaska25.84%17.56%$0.1-1.3%0.7 more
Notes: estimated actual guesstimated1

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> Federal Budget FY16

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2014:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

State and Local Finances Update for FY 2013

On February 1, 2016 usgovernmentspending.com learned that the US Census Bureau may not continue distributing a "flat file" of state and local finances, but only publish a summary of state and local finances.

So we have adapted our state and local finance process to extract the necessary data from the summary files published at the Bureau's State and Local Finance page. Briefly, this means that many detail functions, such as elementary education, are compressed to a single data item instead of two or three.

On February 6, 2016 we updated the state and local spending and revenue for FY 2013 using the newly Census Bureau State and Local Government Finances summaries for FY 2013 released in Fall 2015.  This includes state and local spending for the United States as a whole and individual states and the District of Columbia.

State and local spending and revenue for FY2013 are now actual historical spending as reported by the Census Bureau.  Previously state spending and revenue for FY2013 was actual and local spending and revenue was estimated.  The following table shows the difference between estimated and actual local spending and revenue for FY2013:

FY 2013Estimated
$ billion
Actual
$ billion
Local Spending$1,601$1,684
Local Revenue$1,094$1,169

We will update the "guesstimated" state and local finances for FY2014-20 after the FY2017 federal budget update.

Spend links

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Christopher Chantrill.

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