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State Welfare Spending Rank

Compare state and local spending for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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Welfare
in $ billion
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2015  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in $ billion

Welfare

State State
Spending
Local
Spending
State and
Local
Spending
Gross
State
Product
Real
State
Growth
Popu-
lation
(million)
 Alabama$0.9$0.3$1.2$204.21.1%4.9 more
 Alaska$1.0$0.1$1.1$57.6-0.1%0.7 more
 Arizona$1.9$0.3$2.2$292.61.5%6.8 more
 Arkansas$1.2$0.0$1.2$124.31.1%3.0 more
 California$19.9$18.7$38.6$2,394.72.3%39.2 more
 Colorado$1.2$0.8$2.1$321.33.5%5.4 more
 Connecticut$2.8$0.3$3.1$259.21.0%3.6 more
 Delaware$0.4$-0.2$0.2$64.51.3%0.9 more
 District of Columbia$-0.0$0.9$0.9$118.91.6%0.7 more
 Florida$3.7$1.9$5.6$872.42.3%20.2 more
 Georgia$3.0$0.9$3.9$493.42.0%10.2 more
 Hawaii$1.0$0.0$1.0$79.51.1%1.4 more
 Idaho$0.6$0.0$0.7$66.32.2%1.7 more
 Illinois$9.6$1.8$11.4$765.81.4%12.9 more
 Indiana$2.5$-0.4$2.1$324.90.9%6.6 more
 Iowa$1.2$0.1$1.2$174.60.9%3.1 more
 Kansas$1.1$-0.1$1.0$151.31.7%2.9 more
 Kentucky$1.9$-0.2$1.7$193.51.2%4.4 more
 Louisiana$2.3$1.7$4.0$256.71.8%4.7 more
 Maine$0.7$0.1$0.8$57.10.8%1.3 more
 Maryland$4.0$1.1$5.2$357.61.2%6.0 more
 Massachusetts$6.7$1.1$7.7$475.72.0%6.8 more
 Michigan$4.9$0.5$5.4$466.21.8%9.9 more
 Minnesota$2.9$2.3$5.2$324.71.5%5.5 more
 Mississippi$1.1$0.2$1.3$106.30.0%3.0 more
 Missouri$1.9$0.2$2.2$291.91.2%6.1 more
 Montana$0.5$0.1$0.6$45.51.7%1.0 more
 Nebraska$1.2$0.3$1.6$114.91.1%1.9 more
 Nevada$1.0$-0.1$0.9$135.81.3%2.9 more
 New Hampshire$0.8$0.3$1.2$74.02.0%1.3 more
 New Jersey$7.9$1.2$9.1$561.50.9%9.0 more
 New Mexico$0.8$0.0$0.8$95.11.3%2.1 more
 New York$9.9$15.2$25.1$1,457.02.2%19.8 more
 North Carolina$2.9$2.1$5.0$497.61.5%10.0 more
 North Dakota$0.7$0.4$1.1$58.34.5%0.8 more
 Ohio$7.0$6.1$13.0$601.31.9%11.6 more
 Oklahoma$1.6$0.3$1.9$189.62.3%3.9 more
 Oregon$2.5$0.6$3.1$224.52.8%4.0 more
 Pennsylvania$7.1$3.8$10.9$683.01.7%12.8 more
 Rhode Island$1.1$0.2$1.2$56.51.4%1.1 more
 South Carolina$1.2$0.0$1.2$197.02.0%4.9 more
 South Dakota$0.4$0.0$0.5$47.01.0%0.9 more
 Tennessee$2.9$0.8$3.7$309.91.7%6.6 more
 Texas$8.9$1.9$10.8$1,721.23.8%27.4 more
 All states combined$128.6$84.2$212.9$17,985.02.1%321.2 more
 Utah$1.7$0.9$2.6$146.82.5%3.0 more
 Vermont$0.6$0.1$0.7$30.41.0%0.6 more
 Virginia$2.7$2.5$5.2$473.30.7%8.4 more
 Washington$4.5$1.7$6.2$443.52.5%7.2 more
 West Virginia$0.8$0.1$1.0$79.13.8%1.8 more
 Wisconsin$2.6$1.9$4.6$300.71.3%5.8 more
 Wyoming$0.5$0.2$0.6$46.13.8%0.6 more
Notes: estimated guesstimated1

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> State and Local Finances FY13

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2015:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Gross State Product Update for 2014

The US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its Gross State Product (GSP) data for 2014 on June 10, 2015.

Usgovernmentspending.com has updated its individual state GSPs for 2014 and projected nominal and real GSP through 2020 for each state using the projected national GDP numbers from Table 10.1 in the Historical Tables for the Federal FY2016 Budget and the historical GDP data series from the BEA as a baseline.

As before we have projected individual state GSPs out to 2020 by applying a factor to reflect each state's deviation from the national growth rate. (E.g. In 2014 the national real GDP expanded by 2.4 percent. But North Dakota grew by 6.3 percent, a deviation of nearly 4 percent. The deviation is reduced by 40 percent for each year after 2014, making the assumption that each state will slowly revert to the national norm.)

Usgovernmentspending.com displays individual state data going back to 1957, but BEA has nominal GSP data going back to only 1963, and real GSP data going back to 1987.  Also the 1987-1997 real GSP data is in 1997 dollars, not 2009 dollars like the 1997-present data, and the pre-1997 data is based on a different model than post 1997 data.  For the pre-1997 data we have factored it to remove any "bumps" over the 1997 transition.

Because usgovernmentspending.com needs GSP data to provide e.g., spending as a percent of GDP, we have extended the two BEA GSP data series back to 1957.  We have assumed that the rate of change of GSP prior to 1963 is the same as the national GDP and we have assumed that the rate of change of real GSP prior to 1987 is the same as the nation real GDP growth rate.

Click here to view a complete list of US states and their 2014 GSP growth rates.

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Christopher Chantrill.

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