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What are the biggest federal programs?

The three biggest federal programs are health care (including Medicare and Medicaid), pensions (including Social Security), and Defense.

US Federal Budget Analyst


FY19 Federal Budget Spending Estimates
for Fiscal Years 2018 - 2023

2018   2019   2020   2021   2022   2023  


Units: By default, values are displayed in billions of nominal dollars. By using a dropdown control in the table heading you can select millions of dollars, percent of GDP, percent of federal total, percent of overall total, dollars per capita of population, and thousand dollars per capita of population.
US Budget Year: By default, the table displays budgeted and estimated numbers from the most recent US Federal Budget submitted to the Congress by the president. But you can look at numbers from other US Federal Budgets using this dropdown control.
US Budget Year: By default, the table displays budgeted and estimated numbers from the most recent US Federal Budget submitted to the Congress by the president. But you can look at numbers from other US Federal Budgets using this dropdown control.
full screen
US Federal Government FY 19 Budget
Estimated Outlays in $ billion nominal
-5yr -1yr   as of Winter 2018  
Estimated Outlays from US Federal FY 19 Budget
Change
View: people old functions radical census programs altprog oldprog COFOG
Change Data View: The default view of spending data is by function. But you can also view data by program or the UN COFOG classification system.
FY 2018
 Outlays
FY 2019
 Outlays
FY 2020
 Outlays
FY 2021
 Outlays
FY 2022
 Outlays
FY 2023
 Outlays
[+]  Pensions1,044.51,107.51,181.71,251.41,331.51,404.4
[+]  Health Care1,182.41,225.31,291.61,316.41,423.81,467.8
[+]  Education111.6112.5104.596.898.295.9
[–] 
Charts: Click on a to display a bar of data in a row or column of this table.
Click on to display a time-series chart of data in a row.
[+] Drill-down: Click on the [+] to drill down to more detailed numbers. For federal spending line items (but not revenue) you can drill down three levels to view about 4,000 items of spending at the “agency code” level.
Defense:  Start chart867.8949.9987.1995.51,022.31,030.3
[+]  Military defense643.3688.6732.4742.0755.5770.9
[+]  Civil defense0.00.00.00.00.00.0
[+]  Veterans177.2197.9210.7216.6232.5230.0
[+]  Foreign military aid14.715.512.310.08.57.9
[+]  Foreign economic aid32.747.831.726.925.821.5
[+]  R and D Defence0.00.00.00.00.00.0
[+]  Defence n.e.c.0.00.00.00.00.00.0
[+]  Welfare354.0347.9345.7351.1363.0366.6
[+]  Protection42.342.344.245.346.247.6
[+]  Transportation94.494.093.392.469.466.8
[+]  General Government55.253.853.050.951.850.8
[+]  Other Spending110.6110.148.043.922.615.7
[+]  Interest310.3363.4446.6510.4567.7618.5
[+]  Balance0.00.00.00.00.00.0
[+]  Total Spending4,173.04,406.74,595.94,754.14,996.55,164.6
[+]  Federal Deficit832.6984.4987.0915.9907.8778.5
[+]  Gross Public Debt21,478.222,702.823,901.025,020.226,080.927,032.1
[+]  Other Borrowing439.9240.2211.2203.3153.0172.7
[+]  Agency/GSE Debt9,260.69,676.310,116.610,583.111,077.911,603.0
Outlays:
Pie Chart: Select a pie chart you wish to display. You can create a pie chart for federal, state and local, and overall spending/revenue.

b - budgeted estimate in US FY19 budget
e - estimated by usgovernmentspending.com
g - 'guesstimated' projection by usgovernmentspending.com

Data Sources for 2018:
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1

Data Sources for 2023:
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1


The table shows overall budgeted federal outlays for major functions for the next five years, as estimated in the historical tables in the current presidential budget.

You can change the budget to be analyzed or drill down to view more detailed spending information.

But. For the “default” and “programs” views, we have extracted data from the Public Budget Database to expand Social Security and Medicare beyond the single line item each gets in Table 3.2. The Public Budget Database starts publishing six years of estimated outlays with the FY10 budget, so this page will only provide a full six years of estimated outlays starting with the FY10 budget.

Notes

Data Sources: Federal spending from Budget of the United States Government.

For a discussion of the sources of the government spending data used here read How We Got the Data for usgovernmentspending.com.

Budget Updates: The president’s budget is typically published each year in February.

Download Federal Budget Data for 2018-2023

You can download budget data as a CSV file or directly as a tab-delimited table.

Download Data as CSV File

 Click button to download CSV file of data in table

Tab-delimited Table

Here is the budget table with columns tab-delimited. You can cut and paste directly into a spreadsheet:

You can copy all the text in the textbox by clicking your cursor in the box. Then press Ctrl-A and Ctrl-C and paste the text into your spreadsheet.

Suggested Video:

Top Spending Requests:

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MILITARY SPENDING details, budget and history.

ENTITLEMENT SPENDING history.

See BAR CHARTS of spending, debt.

Check STATE spending: CA NY TX FL and compare.

See SPENDING ANALYSIS briefing.

See SPENDING HISTORY briefing.

Take a COURSE at Spending 101.

Make your own CUSTOM CHART.

Spending Data Sources

Spending data is from official government sources.

Gross Domestic Product data comes from US Bureau of Economic Analysis and measuringworth.com.

Detailed table of spending data sources here.

Federal spending data begins in 1792.

State and local spending data begins in 1820.

State and local spending data for individual states begins in 1957.

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Next Data Update

> US, State Pop FY17

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2018_2023:

Sources for 2018:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

Sources for 2023:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Federal Deficit, Receipts, Outlays Actuals for FY18

On October 15, 2018, the US Treasury reported in its Monthly Treasury Statement (and xls) for September that the federal deficit for FY 2018 ending September 30, 2018, was $779 billion. Here are the numbers, including total receipts, total outlays, and deficit compared with the numbers projected in the FY 2019 federal budget published in February 2018:

Federal Finances
FY 2018 Outcomes
Budget
billions
Outcome
billions
Receipts $3,340$3,329
Outlays$4,130$4,108
Deficit$833$779

usgovernmentspending.com now shows the new numbers for total FY 2018 total outlays and receipts on its Estimate vs. Actual page.

The Monthly Treasury Statement includes "Table 4: Receipts of the United States Government, September 2018 and Other Periods." This table of receipts by source is used for usgovernmentspending.com to post details of federal receipt actuals for FY 2018.

This FTS report on FY 18 actuals is a problem for usgovernmentspending.com because this site uses Historical Table 3.2--Outlays by Function and Subfunction from the Budget of the United States as its basic source for federal subfunction outlays. But the Monthly Treasury Statement only includes "Table 9. Summary of Receipts by Source, and Outlays by Function of the U.S. Government, September 2018 and Other Periods". Subfunction amounts don't get reported until the FY20 budget in February 2019. Until then usgovernmentspending.com estimates actual outlays by "subfunction" for FY 2018 by factoring subfunction budgeted amounts for FY18 by the ratio between relevant actual and budgeted "function" amounts where actual outlays by subfunction cannot be gleaned from the Monthly Treasury Statement.

Final detailed FY 2018 actuals will not appear on usgovernmentspending.com until the FY 2020 federal budget is published in February 2019 with the actual outlays for FY 2018 in Historical Table 3.2--Outlays by Function and Subfunction.

Spend links

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usgovernmentspending.com was designed and executed by:

Christopher Chantrill.

Email here.


presented by Christopher Chantrill

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