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State Debt Rank

Compare state and local debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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Debt
in percent GDP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2011  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP

StateState
Debt
Local
Debt
State and
Local
Debt
Gross
State
Product
Real
State
Growth
Popu-
lation
(mln)
 District of Columbia0.00%10.44%10.44%$108.01.9%0.6 more
 Tennessee2.23%11.84%14.06%$265.02.7%6.4 more
 Nebraska2.37%12.71%15.08%$99.14.2%1.8 more
 Texas2.85%16.43%19.29%$1,351.13.4%25.6 more
 Georgia3.20%9.77%12.97%$418.91.1%9.8 more
 Wyoming3.28%2.35%5.63%$41.6-0.1%0.6 more
 Nevada3.42%19.60%23.02%$122.70.7%2.7 more
 Arkansas3.43%8.98%12.41%$109.42.0%2.9 more
 North Carolina4.33%7.65%11.97%$428.71.0%9.7 more
 Minnesota4.53%11.90%16.44%$284.52.3%5.3 more
 North Dakota4.89%5.67%10.56%$42.111.5%0.7 more
 Alabama4.98%11.33%16.31%$181.90.9%4.8 more
 Kansas5.01%14.71%19.72%$137.73.7%2.9 more
 Iowa5.07%7.23%12.30%$149.42.5%3.1 more
 Arizona5.54%14.12%19.66%$255.61.7%6.5 more
 Utah5.74%10.30%16.04%$125.52.8%2.8 more
 Florida5.91%14.77%20.68%$735.2-0.7%19.1 more
 Colorado6.12%13.23%19.35%$266.81.2%5.1 more
 Virginia6.13%8.66%14.79%$432.00.7%8.1 more
 Ohio6.18%8.98%15.16%$521.93.1%11.5 more
 Oklahoma6.20%5.48%11.69%$165.35.0%3.8 more
 Idaho6.88%3.92%10.80%$57.10.1%1.6 more
 Mississippi6.99%7.68%14.67%$96.8-0.6%3.0 more
 Oregon7.14%10.38%17.53%$200.34.2%3.9 more
 All states combined7.34%11.49%18.84%$15,517.91.6%311.7 more
 California7.37%13.34%20.71%$2,031.41.4%37.7 more
 Pennsylvania7.45%13.10%20.56%$607.41.4%12.7 more
 Washington7.56%12.34%19.90%$372.30.8%6.8 more
 Indiana7.59%9.44%17.02%$291.90.4%6.5 more
 Michigan7.72%10.68%18.40%$401.42.5%9.9 more
 Louisiana7.79%8.59%16.38%$237.0-4.5%4.6 more
 Maryland7.79%5.97%13.77%$323.91.5%5.8 more
 Missouri8.05%9.97%18.01%$257.0-1.2%6.0 more
 South Dakota8.35%5.14%13.49%$42.57.1%0.8 more
 Kentucky8.56%16.06%24.63%$172.31.8%4.4 more
 Wisconsin8.68%8.09%16.77%$263.62.2%5.7 more
 South Carolina8.96%15.06%24.02%$171.22.1%4.7 more
 New Mexico9.07%10.40%19.46%$89.50.4%2.1 more
 Illinois9.54%11.87%21.41%$679.31.9%12.9 more
 Delaware9.72%4.10%13.82%$59.81.8%0.9 more
 Montana9.88%4.19%14.06%$40.83.5%1.0 more
 West Virginia10.45%5.06%15.50%$70.92.4%1.9 more
 Alaska10.82%6.21%17.03%$59.33.5%0.7 more
 New York10.95%16.21%27.16%$1,231.90.4%19.5 more
 Hawaii11.35%7.84%19.20%$69.71.4%1.4 more
 Maine11.47%5.95%17.42%$51.5-1.2%1.3 more
 Vermont12.64%4.15%16.79%$27.62.8%0.6 more
 New Jersey12.86%7.69%20.55%$497.6-0.8%8.8 more
 Connecticut13.14%4.71%17.85%$232.3-0.7%3.6 more
 New Hampshire13.18%4.35%17.54%$64.11.0%1.3 more
 Rhode Island18.37%5.55%23.92%$49.9-0.3%1.1 more
 Massachusetts19.32%4.42%23.74%$413.72.3%6.6 more
Notes: estimated actual

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> State Finances FY13

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2011:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

The Feds Borrow More Than The "Deficit"

People naturally assume that the annual Deficit is the total that the Federal government borrows each year. Actually this is not so. The Deficit is simply the difference between Federal Outlays and Federal Receipts. Usually, the Feds borrow a lot more than the official Deficit.

Like below, in $ billion:

YearGross
Debt
Debt
Increase
Federal
Deficit
Other
Borrow
2000562924-236259
20057905551318232
20101352916531294359
20111476412351300-64
20121605112871087200
201316719669680-11
2014177951075485590
201518120326438-113
2016195371417587830

We have provided the difference between the Debt increase and the Deficit for each year under "Other Borrowings" on the Spending Details page. To Recap:

Other Borrowings = (Increase in Federal Debt) - (Official Deficit)

Spend links

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