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Compare Spending By State

Compare state and local spending for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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Debt
in percent GDP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2015  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP

Gross Public Debt

State State
Debt
Local
Debt
State and
Local
Debt
Gross
State
Product
Real
State
Growth
Popu-
lation
(million)
 Alabama4.77%11.27%16.04%$0.11.1%4.9 more
 Alaska11.70%7.19%18.89%$0.1-0.1%0.7 more
 Arizona4.42%11.59%16.02%$0.11.5%6.8 more
 Arkansas3.60%10.24%13.84%$0.11.1%3.0 more
 California6.47%11.27%17.74%$0.12.3%39.2 more
 Colorado5.41%12.46%17.87%$0.13.5%5.4 more
 Connecticut12.91%4.30%17.21%$0.11.0%3.6 more
 Delaware9.06%4.08%13.13%$0.11.3%0.9 more
 District of Columbia0.49%10.42%10.91%$0.11.6%0.7 more
 Florida4.49%12.50%16.99%$0.12.3%20.2 more
 Georgia2.74%8.56%11.30%$0.12.0%10.2 more
 Hawaii10.54%7.19%17.73%$0.11.1%1.4 more
 Idaho5.11%3.88%8.99%$0.12.2%1.7 more
 Illinois8.38%10.67%19.06%$0.11.4%12.9 more
 Indiana7.14%8.28%15.42%$0.10.9%6.6 more
 Iowa4.41%8.37%12.78%$0.10.9%3.1 more
 Kansas4.60%13.63%18.22%$0.11.7%2.9 more
 Kentucky7.83%14.30%22.13%$0.11.2%4.4 more
 Louisiana9.16%9.72%18.88%$0.11.8%4.7 more
 Maine9.00%4.80%13.80%$0.10.8%1.3 more
 Maryland7.50%6.10%13.60%$0.11.2%6.0 more
 Massachusetts15.47%3.53%18.99%$0.12.0%6.8 more
 Michigan6.57%10.13%16.70%$0.11.8%9.9 more
 Minnesota4.45%11.63%16.08%$0.11.5%5.5 more
 Mississippi7.79%8.14%15.92%$0.10.0%3.0 more
 Missouri7.13%8.89%16.01%$0.11.2%6.1 more
 Montana9.23%4.02%13.25%$0.11.7%1.0 more
 Nebraska1.59%11.82%13.41%$0.11.1%1.9 more
 Nevada2.70%17.23%19.94%$0.11.3%2.9 more
 New Hampshire10.41%3.88%14.29%$0.12.0%1.3 more
 New Jersey12.35%7.42%19.76%$0.10.9%9.0 more
 New Mexico7.36%8.94%16.30%$0.11.3%2.1 more
 New York9.82%14.88%24.70%$0.12.2%19.8 more
 North Carolina3.83%6.68%10.51%$0.11.5%10.0 more
 North Dakota4.41%5.89%10.30%$0.14.5%0.8 more
 Ohio6.25%8.90%15.15%$0.11.9%11.6 more
 Oklahoma5.45%4.80%10.24%$0.12.3%3.9 more
 Oregon6.20%9.40%15.60%$0.12.8%4.0 more
 Pennsylvania7.25%13.55%20.80%$0.11.7%12.8 more
 Rhode Island17.18%5.23%22.41%$0.11.4%1.1 more
 South Carolina7.52%12.83%20.35%$0.12.0%4.9 more
 South Dakota8.50%5.93%14.43%$0.11.0%0.9 more
 Tennessee2.23%11.71%13.93%$0.11.7%6.6 more
 Texas3.50%12.50%16.00%$0.13.8%27.4 more
 All states combined6.41%10.64%17.05%$0.12.1%321.2 more
 Utah5.04%10.68%15.72%$0.12.5%3.0 more
 Vermont11.28%4.22%15.50%$0.11.0%0.6 more
 Virginia6.51%9.16%15.67%$0.10.7%8.4 more
 Washington7.29%12.91%20.20%$0.12.5%7.2 more
 West Virginia9.65%4.91%14.56%$0.13.8%1.8 more
 Wisconsin8.11%7.63%15.74%$0.11.3%5.8 more
 Wyoming2.94%2.65%5.59%$0.13.8%0.6 more
Notes: estimated guesstimated1

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> State and Local Finances FY13

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2015:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Gross State Product Update for 2014

The US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its Gross State Product (GSP) data for 2014 on June 10, 2015.

Usgovernmentspending.com has updated its individual state GSPs for 2014 and projected nominal and real GSP through 2020 for each state using the projected national GDP numbers from Table 10.1 in the Historical Tables for the Federal FY2016 Budget and the historical GDP data series from the BEA as a baseline.

As before we have projected individual state GSPs out to 2020 by applying a factor to reflect each state's deviation from the national growth rate. (E.g. In 2014 the national real GDP expanded by 2.4 percent. But North Dakota grew by 6.3 percent, a deviation of nearly 4 percent. The deviation is reduced by 40 percent for each year after 2014, making the assumption that each state will slowly revert to the national norm.)

Usgovernmentspending.com displays individual state data going back to 1957, but BEA has nominal GSP data going back to only 1963, and real GSP data going back to 1987.  Also the 1987-1997 real GSP data is in 1997 dollars, not 2009 dollars like the 1997-present data, and the pre-1997 data is based on a different model than post 1997 data.  For the pre-1997 data we have factored it to remove any "bumps" over the 1997 transition.

Because usgovernmentspending.com needs GSP data to provide e.g., spending as a percent of GDP, we have extended the two BEA GSP data series back to 1957.  We have assumed that the rate of change of GSP prior to 1963 is the same as the national GDP and we have assumed that the rate of change of real GSP prior to 1987 is the same as the nation real GDP growth rate.

Click here to view a complete list of US states and their 2014 GSP growth rates.

Spend links

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Christopher Chantrill.

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