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State Spending – Debt – GDP – Population

Compare state and local spending for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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Total Spending
in percent GDP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2013  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP

State and
 District of Columbia0.00%13.37%13.37%$111.8-0.4%0.6 more
 Texas6.38%8.28%14.65%$1,527.24.3%26.5 more
 North Dakota8.78%6.53%15.31%$54.42.1%0.7 more
 South Dakota8.32%7.49%15.81%$44.91.3%0.8 more
 Virginia8.05%8.30%16.35%$451.9-0.2%8.3 more
 New Hampshire9.09%7.85%16.94%$67.30.1%1.3 more
 Indiana8.85%8.25%17.10%$310.72.2%6.6 more
 Connecticut10.06%7.22%17.28%$242.4-0.4%3.6 more
 Nevada7.14%10.27%17.40%$126.9-0.3%2.8 more
 Delaware12.01%5.45%17.46%$61.4-1.2%0.9 more
 Georgia7.79%9.69%17.48%$450.91.6%10.0 more
 Oklahoma10.25%7.43%17.68%$182.42.7%3.9 more
 Colorado7.77%10.00%17.78%$288.82.1%5.3 more
 Maryland9.16%8.84%18.00%$337.4-0.1%5.9 more
 Massachusetts10.80%7.61%18.41%$438.6-0.6%6.7 more
 Minnesota8.78%9.79%18.57%$307.22.5%5.4 more
 Illinois8.30%10.31%18.61%$720.5-0.7%12.9 more
 Kansas8.67%9.95%18.62%$142.8-0.8%2.9 more
 Missouri8.99%9.79%18.78%$274.51.5%6.0 more
 Utah10.19%8.64%18.83%$134.92.9%2.9 more
 Washington8.92%9.95%18.87%$402.81.4%7.0 more
 North Carolina8.90%10.00%18.91%$454.51.3%9.8 more
 Arizona8.76%10.22%18.98%$271.10.1%6.6 more
 Tennessee8.13%10.99%19.12%$289.31.1%6.5 more
 Nebraska7.19%12.01%19.20%$107.22.6%1.9 more
 All states combined9.11%10.10%19.21%$16,663.21.5%316.4 more
 Idaho10.72%8.51%19.22%$61.12.5%1.6 more
 New Jersey10.61%8.71%19.32%$530.10.4%8.9 more
 Iowa9.64%9.75%19.39%$163.50.6%3.1 more
 Florida7.85%11.84%19.69%$797.32.3%19.6 more
 Hawaii15.21%4.50%19.71%$74.00.8%1.4 more
 Wisconsin9.91%9.89%19.79%$281.50.7%5.7 more
 Louisiana10.82%9.29%20.11%$238.3-2.6%4.6 more
 Oregon10.80%9.45%20.25%$197.7-1.4%3.9 more
 Ohio10.69%9.66%20.35%$559.01.0%11.6 more
 Pennsylvania10.64%9.78%20.42%$645.41.2%12.8 more
 Michigan10.18%10.52%20.70%$431.11.6%9.9 more
 California8.51%12.27%20.78%$2,215.22.6%38.4 more
 Arkansas12.50%8.41%20.91%$116.72.6%3.0 more
 Kentucky13.18%7.93%21.12%$182.71.0%4.4 more
 Montana13.19%8.50%21.69%$43.21.2%1.0 more
 Rhode Island13.29%8.40%21.69%$52.80.6%1.1 more
 Wyoming10.27%11.65%21.92%$40.50.4%0.6 more
 Alabama11.34%11.12%22.46%$191.60.8%4.8 more
 West Virginia14.79%8.12%22.91%$72.81.4%1.9 more
 New Mexico13.90%9.23%23.14%$91.3-0.9%2.1 more
 Maine14.47%8.74%23.21%$53.3-0.8%1.3 more
 New York9.57%13.68%23.25%$1,335.10.2%19.7 more
 South Carolina12.60%11.07%23.67%$180.91.1%4.8 more
 Vermont15.79%9.61%25.39%$28.6-0.4%0.6 more
 Alaska17.00%9.09%26.09%$59.9-5.3%0.7 more
 Mississippi14.57%12.21%26.78%$103.3-0.5%3.0 more
Notes: estimated actual

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> State and Local Finances FY13

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2013:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Gross State Product Update for 2015

The US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its Gross State Product (GSP) data for 2015 on June 14, 2016. has updated its individual state GSPs for 2015 and projected nominal and real GSP through 2020 for each state using the projected national GDP numbers from Table 10.1 in the Historical Tables for the Federal FY2016 Budget and the historical GDP data series from the BEA as a baseline.

As before we have projected individual state GSPs out to 2021 by applying a factor to reflect each state's deviation from the national growth rate. (E.g. In 2014 the national real GDP expanded by 2.4 percent. But North Dakota grew by 6.3 percent, a deviation of nearly 4 percent. The deviation is reduced by 40 percent for each year after 2014, making the assumption that each state will slowly revert to the national norm.) displays individual state data going back to 1957, but BEA has nominal GSP data going back to only 1963, and real GSP data going back to 1987.  Also the 1987-1997 real GSP data is in 1997 dollars, not 2009 dollars like the 1997-present data, and the pre-1997 data is based on a different model than post 1997 data.  For the pre-1997 data we have factored it to remove any "bumps" over the 1997 transition.

Because needs GSP data to provide e.g., spending as a percent of GDP, we have extended the two BEA GSP data series back to 1957.  We have assumed that the rate of change of GSP prior to 1963 is the same as the national GDP and we have assumed that the rate of change of real GSP prior to 1987 is the same as the nation real GDP growth rate.

Click here to view a complete list of US states and their 2015 GSP growth rates.

Budget News

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