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What is the State Government Debt?

State and Local Debt: That’s the outstanding debt issued by states, local government, and special districts.

In end of FY 2015 the state government debt was “guesstimated” to be $1.15 trillion.

Also, see National Debt, Federal Debt, and Local Debt.

Recent US State Government Debt

Chart D.11s: Recent State Government Debt

Chart D.12s: Recent State Gov. Debt as Percent GDP

State government debt in 2005 was about $0.8 trillion, and was steadily increasing year on year. But the budget crisis of the Great Recession put the brakes on the states, and since 2011 state debt has barely increased at all.

Viewed from a GDP perspective, state debt started out at 6 percent of GDP in 2005, increased to 7.5 percent GDP in 2010 and then started decreasing, declining to an expected 6.4 percent of GDP in 2015.

US State Government Debt Since 1900

Chart D.13s: State Government Debt in 20th Century

State government debt began the 20th century at one percent of GDP and remained there until after World War I. In the 1920s it rose briskly to 2 percent of GDP, then peaked at over 5 percent of GDP in the depths of the Great Depression. State government debt fell sharply through World War II bottoming out at one percent of GDP in the late 1940s.

In the 1950s state government debt began growing strongly, tripling to 3.5 percent by 1960. After 1960 growth moderated, and state government debt peaked at 4.5 percent of GDP before declining to 4.3 percent in 1981. In the 1980s debt increased reaching 5.9 percent of GDP by 1992. Debt plateaued in the 1990s and then resumed growth in the 2000s, reaching almost 7.5 percent of GDP by 2009.

Federal, State, Local Debt in 20th Century

Chart D.14t: State Government Debt by Government Level

At the beginning of the 20th century debt was equally divided between federal and state and local debt, totaling less than 20 percent of GDP. After World War I, the total debt surged to 45% of GDP. But by the mid 1920s debt had declined to below 35 percent of GDP. Then came the Great Depression, boosting total public debt to 70 percent of GDP. World War II boosted federal debt to almost 122 percent of GDP in 1946, with state and local debt adding another 7 percent. For the next 35 years successive governments brought the debt below 50 percent of GDP, but President Reagan increased the federal debt up over 50 perent of GDP, and total debt towards 70 perent to win the Cold War. President Bush increased the debt to fight a war on terror and bail out the banks in the crisis of 2008.

State-by-State Comparison of State and Local Debt

Chart D.15c: State and Local Debt Comparison

The bubble chart shows total state and local debt for each state in dollars per capita compared against the Gross State Product (GSP) in dollars per capita. The chart shows that the overwhelming number of states show a correlation between state and local debt and GSP. Notable outliers are the natural resource states, Wyoming and North Dakota, on the low debt side and New York and Rhode Island, on the high debt side.

Top Debt Requests:

Find DEFICIT stats and history.

US BUDGET overview and pie chart.


See FEDERAL BUDGET breakdown and estimated vs. actual.

See BAR CHARTS of debt.

See PIE CHARTS of total debt, federal debt.

Check STATE debt: CA NY TX FL and compare.

See DEBT HISTORY briefing.

Take a COURSE at Spending 101.

Make your own CUSTOM CHART.

Debt Data Sources

Debt data is from official government sources.

Gross Domestic Product data comes from US Bureau of Economic Analysis and

Detailed table of debt data sources here.

Federal debt data begins in 1792.

State and local debt data begins in 1890.

State and local debt data for individual states begins in 1957.

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Gross Federal Debt

Debt: $18,761,887,761,000

Data Sources for 2011_2020:

Sources for 2011:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

Sources for 2020:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Federal Deficit and Outlay Actuals for FY15

On October 15, 2015, the US Treasury reported in its Monthly Treasury Statement (and xls) for September that the federal deficit for FY15 ending September 30 was $439 billion. Here are the numbers, including total receipts, total outlays, and deficit compared with the numbers projected in the FY 16 federal budget published in February 2015:

Federal Finances
FY15 Outcomes
Receipts $3,176$3,249
Deficit$583$439 now shows the new numbers for total FY15 outlays and receipts on its Estimate vs. Actual page.

The Monthly Treasury Statement includes ""Table 4: Receipts of the United States Government, September 2015 and Other Periods." This table of receipts by source is used for to post federal receipt actuals for FY2015.

The Monthly Treasury Statement includes "Table 9. Summary of Receipts by Source, and Outlays by Function of the U.S. Government, September 2015 and Other Periods".   This table of outlays by function makes it possible for to estimate actual outlays by "subfunction" for FY2015 by factoring budgeted amounts by the difference between budgeted and actual "function" amounts where actual outlays by subfunction cannot be gleaned from the Monthly Treasury Statement.

Final detailed FY2015 numbers will not appear until the FY2016 federal budget is published in February 2015 with the actual outlays for FY15 in Historical Table 3.2--Outlays by Function and Subfunction.

Masthead was designed and executed by:

Christopher Chantrill.

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presented by Christopher Chantrill

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