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State Debt Rank

Compare state and local debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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in percent GDP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2014  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP

State and
 District of Columbia1.51%11.28%12.79%$116.51.8%0.7 more
 Nebraska1.72%12.30%14.02%$110.71.9%1.9 more
 Tennessee2.02%9.83%11.84%$300.01.6%6.5 more
 Wyoming2.27%2.17%4.44%$40.90.5%0.6 more
 Texas2.61%14.26%16.88%$1,602.03.8%27.0 more
 Nevada2.63%16.88%19.51%$134.13.4%2.8 more
 Georgia2.84%9.04%11.88%$471.92.5%10.1 more
 North Dakota3.24%5.02%8.26%$58.26.0%0.7 more
 Iowa3.72%6.59%10.30%$170.72.8%3.1 more
 Arkansas3.74%9.68%13.42%$121.12.1%3.0 more
 North Carolina3.76%6.41%10.18%$474.42.1%9.9 more
 Florida4.35%12.46%16.81%$835.62.6%19.9 more
 Alabama4.51%11.24%15.75%$197.50.9%4.8 more
 Kansas4.60%12.91%17.51%$146.61.2%2.9 more
 Oklahoma4.76%4.68%9.44%$190.23.3%3.9 more
 Minnesota4.94%12.37%17.31%$320.42.6%5.5 more
 Arizona5.08%12.95%18.03%$281.61.8%6.7 more
 Utah5.21%9.18%14.39%$140.62.2%2.9 more
 Colorado5.54%12.54%18.08%$305.44.1%5.4 more
 Idaho5.69%3.48%9.17%$63.42.1%1.6 more
 Ohio5.72%8.51%14.23%$588.83.3%11.6 more
 Virginia6.00%8.00%14.01%$462.20.2%8.3 more
 Indiana6.51%7.75%14.27%$324.32.2%6.6 more
 All states combined6.62%10.58%17.20%$17,348.12.4%318.9 more
 Missouri6.72%9.14%15.86%$283.31.1%6.1 more
 California6.74%11.88%18.62%$2,325.03.1%38.8 more
 Mississippi6.77%6.68%13.45%$104.9-0.3%3.0 more
 Michigan7.05%10.67%17.72%$447.21.5%9.9 more
 Pennsylvania7.07%12.51%19.59%$672.42.3%12.8 more
 South Dakota7.10%5.09%12.19%$45.60.4%0.9 more
 Oregon7.17%10.76%17.93%$203.30.9%4.0 more
 New Mexico7.27%9.13%16.40%$94.82.6%2.1 more
 Washington7.47%11.48%18.96%$422.83.0%7.1 more
 Maryland7.53%6.63%14.16%$350.31.6%6.0 more
 Montana7.62%3.74%11.36%$44.72.0%1.0 more
 Wisconsin7.63%7.00%14.62%$293.32.1%5.8 more
 Louisiana7.73%8.50%16.22%$245.81.9%4.6 more
 Kentucky7.87%14.02%21.89%$188.51.1%4.4 more
 South Carolina7.96%14.85%22.81%$189.72.5%4.8 more
 Delaware8.18%3.66%11.84%$65.54.3%0.9 more
 Illinois8.87%11.85%20.72%$742.01.0%12.9 more
 New York9.85%15.28%25.13%$1,385.81.2%19.7 more
 Maine9.95%5.61%15.56%$55.01.1%1.3 more
 Alaska10.42%5.63%16.05%$58.1-3.5%0.7 more
 West Virginia10.73%5.16%15.89%$74.40.7%1.8 more
 Hawaii11.03%7.93%18.95%$76.40.8%1.4 more
 Vermont11.10%4.04%15.14%$29.71.5%0.6 more
 New Hampshire11.51%3.50%15.02%$70.32.4%1.3 more
 New Jersey12.12%6.98%19.09%$545.40.8%8.9 more
 Connecticut13.25%4.55%17.80%$250.81.2%3.6 more
 Massachusetts16.27%4.07%20.34%$456.31.8%6.8 more
 Rhode Island17.04%4.88%21.92%$55.12.2%1.1 more
Notes: estimated actual guesstimated1

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> State GDP CY14

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2014:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Gross State Product Update for 2015

The US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its Gross State Product (GSP) data for 2015 on June 14, 2016. has updated its individual state GSPs for 2015 and projected nominal and real GSP through 2020 for each state using the projected national GDP numbers from Table 10.1 in the Historical Tables for the Federal FY2016 Budget and the historical GDP data series from the BEA as a baseline.

As before we have projected individual state GSPs out to 2021 by applying a factor to reflect each state's deviation from the national growth rate. (E.g. In 2014 the national real GDP expanded by 2.4 percent. But North Dakota grew by 6.3 percent, a deviation of nearly 4 percent. The deviation is reduced by 40 percent for each year after 2014, making the assumption that each state will slowly revert to the national norm.) displays individual state data going back to 1957, but BEA has nominal GSP data going back to only 1963, and real GSP data going back to 1987.  Also the 1987-1997 real GSP data is in 1997 dollars, not 2009 dollars like the 1997-present data, and the pre-1997 data is based on a different model than post 1997 data.  For the pre-1997 data we have factored it to remove any "bumps" over the 1997 transition.

Because needs GSP data to provide e.g., spending as a percent of GDP, we have extended the two BEA GSP data series back to 1957.  We have assumed that the rate of change of GSP prior to 1963 is the same as the national GDP and we have assumed that the rate of change of real GSP prior to 1987 is the same as the nation real GDP growth rate.

Click here to view a complete list of US states and their 2015 GSP growth rates.

Budget News

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